Accidents are meant to happen anywhere and without us knowing about them. As an alert individual of the society, we must be ready at anyplace to provide first aid; and to provide first aid, the availability of any kind of first aid kit is not necessary as in real life one doesn’t carry a first aid kit all the time. It depends upon the quick decision-making abilities of the first aid provider and how he converts all the nearest available resources into first aid. Yes, as a first aid provider we need to be alert and have patience. We must look for all the available resources near us and if resources are not available then we must try to make something resourceful for the situation. And all this happens only when we are alert and our mind is calm. Four things must always be considered while giving first aid :
- Checking Your Safety
- Checking The Victim’s Safety
- Checking Environmental Safety
- Keeping The Records
Check Your Safety
Always check for your safety first. You do not need a more injured person at the accidental scene, and making yourself an injured person will only make the situation worse. Try to be safe and then help. Example, while pulling someone out of fire try to cover your maximum body parts and especially your nose and mouth because inhaling smoke will make you lose your consciousness and then you won’t be helpful anymore. Try to protect yourself first, always.
Check Victim’s Safety
Now that you are prepared to help the victim, your main target is to rescue the victim from the accidental area and keeping him safe until the ambulance arrives. You should try to calm down the victim and make him belief that things will be fine and apply for available and suitable medicines on the injury. If the victim is unconscious, first check his pulse and try to keep him safe. Also, try to take the victim as far as you can, from the accidental area to a safer environment.
The third and most important thing is reducing the chances of any more accidents in the present situation. You must try to eliminate all those factors which may cause further damages to the accidental environment. Example, after pulling out the victim from an accidental car and bringing him to a safer environment, check whether there are signs for a leak of petrol from the car and if there are then make sure that the car doesn’t catch fire. You may pull out foam from the car seat and soak it in water and place it on the spilled petrol or stop the leakage from it as foam soaked in water does not catch fire.
Keeping the Records
Many people do not know the importance of keeping the record of what you did to the victim. Keeping the record and making sure that the health care specialist gets to know about what you did to the victim becomes very helpful. Make sure you take every note as sometimes what you thought was helpful might not be helpful and maybe the health care specialist might still be able to correct it. Thus note down and explain everything carefully to the health care specialist.